“Recalling my early days as a public defender, I had little idea how to translate my command of case law into successful pretrial motion practice. Oh, do I wish this book had been available then! While her book is geared to all levels of experience, it is indispensable to those new and newer to criminal defense. I’m now more than 30 years into this field, and found it very informative.”
— Tony Bornstein, NACDL, The Champion
“This book comes as close as one can to having a personal mentor without the physical body of another following you around whispering helpful tips in your ear. This book can guide the practitioner from the inception of a case through to cross-examination, stressing the importance of thinking ahead and always seeking as much information as is possible.”
— Tejas Bhatt, National Association of Public Defenders
“This is an excellent resource for criminal defense lawyers. Well-researched with many helpful sample motions and cross-examinations. I look forward to consulting this work in the years to come.”
— Kathleen Stilling
“A must-read for new criminal defense attorneys and a great refresher for seasoned veterans. An easy read and the sample motions are invaluable. My most prized book since law school!”
— Gillion Parham
When in Doubt, File the Motion!
Suppression litigation is an essential tool for criminal defense lawyers, but many defense lawyers are easily dissuaded from filing a motion when presented with a seemingly reasonable offer from the prosecution. This is the wrong approach. You never know what will happen once you file the motion. Maybe the police witness will be a no-show, resulting in the granting of the motion, the dismissal of the case, or a better plea offer. Even if you lose the motion, you still will have an opportunity for discovery and cross-examining the officer, which will be of assistance at trial. Bottom line: Good things come to clients whose lawyers file the suppression motion. Deja Vishny’s Suppressing Criminal Evidence can help you litigate suppression issues more aggressively, more efficiently, and with greater success.
Law and Practice
Suppressing Criminal Evidence takes you through the suppression litigation process, step by step, from the initial client interview, to drafting the motion, to arguing at the hearing. In 13 chapters, this single-volume book covers the ground rules for suppression motions; Fourth Amendment searches and seizures; suppression of confessions and other statements; and suppression of eyewitness identifications. The text includes:
- In-depth legal analysis of the bedrock constitutional principles underlying suppression litigation.
- True-to- life examples of police encounters and other situations ripe for suppression litigation:
Common fact scenarios; 80+pattern cross-examinations; and sample language to use in your argument to the court at the motion hearing.
- Current law, practice tools and tactics for handling developing areas of suppression litigation.
- Over 140 Practice Pointers – tips, shortcuts, cautionary advice and words of wisdom learned from the author’s decades of experience fighting to protect her clients’ rights.
- Dozens of sample forms, which you can modify to fit the facts of your case. The forms collection includes:
- Motion to Suppress – Unlawful Entry onto Protected Curtilage
- Motion to Suppress – Search Warrant Affidavit Lacks Probable Cause
- Motion to Suppress – No Consent; Apparent Authority
- Motion to Suppress – Search Incident to Arrest; Protective Sweep
- Motion to Suppress – No Reasonable Suspicion for Stop or Pat Down
- Motion to Suppress – Unlawful Inventory Search of Car
- Motion to Suppress – Raw Marijuana, Dog Sniff, Extended Detention
- Motion to Suppress – Evidence Seized From Facebook
- Motion to Suppress – Invalid Miranda Waiver; No Interpreter
- Motion to Suppress – Juvenile’s Statement, no Miranda
- Motion to Suppress – Unlawful Arrest; Voluntariness; Miranda; Reid Method
- Motion to Suppress Confession — Delay in Presentment (McNabb–Mallory)
- Motion to Suppress – Statement by Probationer to P.O. or Therapist
- Motion to Suppress – Show-up Identification
- Motion to Suppress – Identification Unduly Prejudicial
- Motion to Compel Discovery – Use of Cell Phone Tracking Device (Stingray)
REVISION 3 HIGHLIGHTS
The new edition of Suppressing Criminal Evidence overflows with practical, use-it-today information and tools to help you litigate suppression issues more aggressively, more efficiently, and with greater success. The highlights include 7 New Forms and New and Updated Coverage of Key Issues including:
- Tips for bringing a motion to suppress when a roommate acts as an agent of the police
- Challenging a warrant based on stale information; unlawful manner of entry
- New Form: Motion to Suppress Evidence from Warrantless Search of D’s Bedroom
- New Form: Motion to Suppress Evidence from Police Body Camera and Snapchat Search\
PROBABLE CAUSE AND REASONABLE SUSPICION
- Probable cause and facial recognition technology
- Challenging ShotSpotter stops
- Racial profiling: constitutional and statutory arguments for suppression
- Using local data/statistics to prove an area is not “high crime”
MOTOR VEHICLE SEARCHES
- New Form: Motion to Suppress: No Probable Cause to Search Vehicle Based on Alleged Odor of
Marijuana (CBD case)
SPECIAL NEEDS AND OTHER FOURTH AMENDMENT SEARCHES
- Limits on suspicionless search of cell phone of persons on supervised release
- New Form: Motion to Suppress Use of Defendant’s Post-Arrest Medical Records at Trial
- New Form: Motion to Dismiss Due to Government’s Destruction of Potentially Exculpatory Evidence
SEARCH AND SEIZURE OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES
- Abortion, privacy and prosecutions post-Dobbs
- Challenging a geofence warrant or warrantless seizure of this information
- Reverse keyword searches as a means of cell phone location tracking
- New Form: Motion to Suppress Evidence and Statements Obtained as a Result of Compelled Production
of Cellphone Password
- New Form: Motion to Suppress Warrantless Search of Automatic License Plate Reader Database
LITIGATING MIRANDA RIGHTS
- Practical tips for suppressing evidence on grounds that interrogator undermined Miranda
- Race and so-called ambiguous requests for counsel
- Challenging a show-up identification when the witness is a police officer
- Precluding eyewitness identification under a rules of evidence analysis
AND SO MUCH MORE!
ABBREVIATED TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1 Early Steps in the Case
Chapter 2 Motion Practice
Fourth Amendment Searches and Seizures
Chapter 3 Fourth Amendment Primer
Chapter 4 Searches of the Home
Chapter 5 Probable Cause and Reasonable Suspicion: Arrests, Seizures, Stops and Frisks
Chapter 6 Motor Vehicle Searches
Chapter 7 “Special Needs” and Other Fourth Amendment Searches
Chapter 8 Search and Seizure of Electronic Devices
Confessions and Other Statements
Chapter 9 Police Interrogation Practices
Chapter 10 Litigating Miranda Rights
Chapter 11 Suppressing Involuntary Confessions
Chapter 12 Other Grounds for Suppressing Confessions
Other Evidence Subject to Suppression
Chapter 13 Eyewitness Identification
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Deja Vishny is a criminal defense lawyer in Milwaukee Wisconsin who currently consults on criminal cases, designs and teaches criminal defense training programs and represents clients. She practiced at the Wisconsin State Public Defender Office in Milwaukee for over 38 years prior to starting her own business. While there she was the head of the Wisconsin Public Defender Homicide Practice Group and Deputy Training Director.
Ms. Vishny was selected as a 2023 Wisconsin Super Lawyer. See https://www.superlawyers.com/articles/wisconsin/coming-to-others-defense/. Also in 2023, the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers honored Ms. Vishny with a Champion of Justice Award for Legal Education. Per the NACDL, “Champion of Justice Awards are bestowed upon those individuals who – through legislative, journalistic, philanthropic, or humanitarian pursuits – have staunchly preserved or defended the constitutional rights of individuals in the United States and have endeavored to ensure justice and due process for persons accused of crime.” (To learn more about this honor, visit NACDL – News Release ~ 03/06/2023.)
Ms. Vishny has earned a reputation as an excellent trial lawyer. She is a past recipient of the Wisconsin Law Journal Women in the Law award; a recipient of the Wisconsin Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers William Coffee and David Niblack awards honoring lawyers for their lifetime contributions to criminal defense and to indigent defense, a five-time recipient of the Wisconsin Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers Martin Hanson award, which recognizes lawyers who have obtained acquittals in homicide cases; and she was honored with the inaugural staff award for Outstanding Service to Indigent Clients at the Wisconsin State Public Defender.
Ms. Vishny joined the faculty of the National Criminal Defense College in Macon, Georgia, in 1998, and regularly lectures at criminal defense and public defender seminars around the country. Thus far, she has given CLE presentations in 40 states, for a number of different organizations, including the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers; the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law; the Naval School of Justice; and a class at Harvard Law School. Ms. Vishny also was a speaker at the joint International Bridges for Justice and Delhi Legal Services trial skills seminar in India. She served on the faculty at Marquette University Law School from 1991-2020, where she was an adjunct professor, teaching trial advocacy.
Ms. Vishny has attended the Reid School on Interrogation and has published articles in The Champion and The Wisconsin Defender on trial practice and on cross-examining police interrogators and forensic pathologists. She co-chaired the false confession program at the inaugural session of the National Forensic College at Cardozo Law School in June 2014.
Ms. Vishny serves on the Board of Directors of the National Criminal Defense College and previously served on the boards of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers and Criminal Law Section of the Wisconsin State Bar.
Ms. Vishny is available to help anyone who has questions or needs to consult about a case. Her email is [email protected].